How to Remove Newspaper Ink From a Vinyl Floor

It may be frustrating when you cover your vinyl flooring with newspaper to protect it, and also the newspaper becomes wet and leaves a worse mess than you’d have had without it. It might increase your spirits to understand that isopropyl alcohol, naphtha and bleach can get rid of the stains.

Wiping With a Solvent

You most likely have some rubbing alcohol around the home, and it’s a fantastic bet that is going to do the task. It’s also protected for plastic. Just moisten a rag and rub the affected areas vigorously. If this doesn’t do the trick, repeat the process with cleaning naphtha. Remember that each of these solvents are flammable, so avoid flames and smoking implements, open windows to ventilate the area, and keep children and animals away from the space.

Soaking in Bleach

If you don’t have any luck dissolving the marks using a solvent, it’s time to call about the cleaning power of bleach. Mix a solution of 1 part household bleach with 4 parts water, don cleaning gloves and then soak a rag from the mix. Place the rag over the affected area and because bleach works slowly, leave it there for many hours. When you remove the rag, wipe the area with clear water and then dry it. Again, take security precautions.

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Removal of Peach Borers

With showy pink flowers and succulent fruit, peach trees (Prunus persica) are both ornamental and practical components in the garden. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8, peach trees are susceptible to frost and several wood-boring insect insects. Established, healthy trees withstand these insects with minimum intervention, but younger or injured peach trees need treatments to remove the insects.

Bacterial Treatment

Peach twig borers (Anarsia lineatella) will be the larvae of a sort of small, light gray moth. These brown striped larvae grow up to 1/2 inch long and assault peach shoots in spring and the fruit in summer. During peach bloom period, spray the tree with Bacillus thuringiensis var. Kurstaki, a natural bacterium that affects the belly of immature insects. Shake that the Btk concentrate and mix 4 teaspoons in 1 gallon of water in a garden sprayer, or follow the directions on the package. Spray all surfaces of the coral tree foliage and repeat the procedure in five to seven days or after heavy rain. Avoid getting the spray in your eyes, wear protective clothing and avoid squeezing the mist.

Parasitic Nematodes

The light brown or pink larvae of this blue and black clearwing moth (Synanthedon exitiosa) are known as peachtree borers. They damage peach tree trunks just above or slightly below the dirt. The parasitic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae, can be found online and at garden centers, and comes packed in an inert powder or about a sponge. It targets soil-dwelling and surface-living larvae. In a watering can or garden sprayer, mix 1 teaspoon of nematode powder in 1 gallon of water. Evenly cover the ground across the peach tree, shaking the remedy contstantly to stop settling. Keep the area moist for the next seven days to keep your nematodes alive.

Chemical Insecticides

Heavy Risks of American plum borers may cause peach branches to snap off in winds or using the weight of its fruit. These insects are white, green or pink larvae around 1 inch long with dark brown heads. Adults of this American plum borer are gray moths. Orange droppings, called frass, and gummy deposits on the trunk are signals of American plum borers. Sizes young trees with evidence of the pest with carbaryl, sold under the trade name Sevin. To get hose-end sprayers, shake the bottle of carbaryl well then attach your garden hose to the spray nozzle. Use the spray to your peach trunk and limbs in mid-April and then every six weeks. Carbaryl is toxic to beneficial insects, particularly bees. Do not apply when the peach tree is in bloom. Spray on calm days and keep people and pets away until the solution has dried. Wear long trousers, a long-sleeved shirt, sturdy shoes, socks and rubber gloves when applying this chemical and read all safety instructions before you start using it.

Cultural Methods

Since most boring mammals target young, injured or sunburned peach trees, prevent infestations with proper care. Whitewash that the trunks of young trees to reduce sunburn. Mix equal parts of water and white interior latex paint. Paint the peach trunk around approximately 2 feet above ground. Prune and dispose of branches which have evidence of shothole borers, small brown or black beetles that drill holes in coral twigs, bark and branches. Dig just below the soil surface across the trunk to reveal peachtree borers and carefully use a pocket knife to remove them. Drop the insects into a bucket of soapy water to kill them.

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Caring for 'Baby Tut' Grass

A swamp-loving sedge, “Baby Tut” grass (Cyperus involucratus “Baby Tut”) grows well in sun or shade, can survive in standing water and will thrive with minimal maintenance. This cultivar of umbrella sedge grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, although it can occasionally survive winters in USDA zone 8. Even though “Baby Tut” makes an attractive foliage plant — it grows in clumps 24 inches tall and stays green year-round in light climates — it is deemed invasive in some areas.

Keep the Soil Damp

“Baby Tut” grass needs consistent moisture to grow well. Keep the soil consistently damp with weekly watering. This moisture-loving ornamental grass can also grow in wet areas, where standing water tends to collect, without getting waterlogged or rotting. Avoid letting the soil dry out, especially If you’re growing “Baby Tut” in containers. Remember to look at the potting soil moisture each day during hot weather. When it’s hot, planters dry out quickly especially if they are made of wood or unglazed clay.

Add Monthly Fertilizer

Although this sedge grows well by itself, you can give “Baby Tut” a nutrient boost once a month with a balanced liquid fertilizer. A dilution of 2 oz of liquid fertilizer with 1 gallon of water at a watering can works well. Use the water-fertilizer dilution to soak the soil around each “Baby Tut” plant. A balanced fertilizer is any formulation where the three numbers are the same. Some typical balanced formulas comprise 3-3-3, 5-5-5, 10-10-10 or 20-20-20. The three numbers suggest that sulfur, potassium and phosphate are at equal proportions.

Spring and Fall Trim

You can keep “Baby Tut” grass looking clean by giving it a trim in fall. Start looking for any dead material and cut it out using a set of garden shears. Cut as close to the soil line as possible. In frost-free areas, “Baby Tut” stays green during the winter but at USDA zone 9, a brief winter frost can kill some or all the leaves. Remove any frost-damaged leaves early in the spring. After pruning “Baby Tut”, dip your shears at a bucket containing equal parts water and conventional rubbing alcohol to get rid of any pathogens on the blades.

Pest-Free But Invasive

Few insects’ bother using the class leaves of “Baby Tut” and diseases infrequently take hold. Rather, “Baby Tut” and other umbrella plant cultivars are the pest, spreading invasively in mild climates where frosts fail to fully kill the roots each winter. Avoid planting it in areas that are open to natural lakes or rivers. After “Baby Tut” gets loose, it can take over and displace natural species. Growing “Baby Tut” as container plant might help to keep it under control. Use standard potting soil if you choose this method and use a pot with drainage holes.

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Ways in Which Herbicides Destroy Weeds

Herbicides are chemicals that are utilized to kill weeds in lawns and gardens. The scores of herbicides that exist attack weeds in different ways. Herbicides fall into two general classes, however. Some are selective herbicides formulated to kill specific weed species while leaving the rest of the plants unharmed. Other herbicides are non-selective, formulated to kill all plant life wherever they’re applied.

Methods of Destruction

1 general class of herbicides strikes weeds’ or all plants’ cell structures. Some products in this category mimic plants’ natural growth hormones to trigger uncontrolled cell growth that breaks down plant constructions while other products destroy enzymes the plants need to build and maintain cell walls. Another general category of herbicides disrupts the chemical process of photosynthesis, by which plants convert sunlight energy to food energy. A third general category of herbicides disrupts plants’ ability to synthesize the amino acids required to soften food energy for growth and reproduction.

Before or After Germination

Herbicides are also classified by if they behave before or after plant seeds germinate. Pre-emergent herbicides usually are put on the ground. They soak in the soil and prevent seeds from invading or kill the sprouts as soon as they break the seed coat and before they get to the ground surface. Post-emergence herbicides are applied to weeds or other plants that already sprouted. Post-emergence herbicides are split into contact and systemic products. Contact herbicides kill the plant parts they touch, like the leaves, but aren’t transported to the roots. They work well against annual weeds. Systemic herbicides travel throughout plants to kill roots and the rest of the plant parts, and they’re most effective against perennial weeds.

Age and Weather

Weeds’ age and the weather affect herbicide activity. Young, actively growing weeds are more susceptible than fully mature weeds to herbicides, and a few grass species develop herbicide-repelling leaf hairs or waxy leaf coatings as they mature. Rainfall close on the heels of the herbicide application can wash off the weedkiller before it can act. Really dry weather conditions may cause fluid herbicides to disappear before they penetrate leaves. Dry conditions also result in leaf pores to close, blocking their uptake or absorption of the herbicide. Herbicides can be affected by light, also; a few break down quickly in bright light so should be applied just in night hours. Low temperatures and high winds also tend to decrease herbicide uptake.

Herbicide Resistance

Over the years, weeds can become immune to specific herbicide products through natural selection. Individual bud plants that survive herbicide applications grow and spread their seeds, creating future generations of more-resistant weeds. Eventually, all the weeds are immune. Strategies for preventing or minimizing herbicide resistance include crop rotation, using herbicides with various modes of activity singly or in mixtures, killing weeds in fallow areas to prevent the spread of resistant weeds and combining mechanical techniques like pulling weeds with herbicide procedures for weed management.

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Will Laying Cardboard Over Goathead Plants Kill Them?

If you fight against invasive goathead weeds (Tribulus terrestris), you are likely familiar with why they are also called puncturevine crops: The sharp, sticky seedpods easily pierce skin and substances much thicker than the skin, including — possibly — cardboard. Still, cardboard can be a way to kill these plants that are invasive, as long as it’s used.

Goathead Everywhere

Goathead grows in every state. The pesky plant dies at the first frost but reseeds prolifically, also in regions which don’t see temperatures, annually, it continues to sprout and grow. Before it sets seedpods the best method to kill goathead is to pull it out by hand. This may not be a sensible option, because it spreads so quickly. One option is to smother the weeds if you do not need to resort to chemical weedkillers.

Smothering Weeds

Weeds require air, water and light to develop, and goathead is no exception. Block its accessibility to those things, and it will fail to grow — depending on how well access is obstructed. Mulch alone will leave holes which will still allow light and water to work their way through, and gently laying a single sheet of cardboard atop a goathead plant won’t work well, if at allNot only will lighting, water and air continue to be able to get inside, but the cardboard will likely dismiss when the wind picks up. The cardboard has to be implemented in this manner that the goathead plants are smothered.

Cardboard Factors

To kill and interrogate goathead several sheets of overlapping cardboard across the crops, then cover that with a thick layer organic material, such as bark or straw, to weigh down it. The mulch, including the cardboard, ought to be a minimum of three inches thick. As time passes, rain will make the cardboard decompose, but with this technique can still kill up to 75 percent of the weeds at the first year, advises Birds & Blooms magazine.

Control Over Time

Leave the cardboard a year — longer if you do not need to use the area for whatever else. Since seeds are viable in the soil for five decades, you will most likely have to reapply the cardboard after it’s decomposed, and mulch. The seeds are gone or dead, till the ground, once you’re certain — cardboard provides nutrients to the ground, and you’ll have a nice, rich patch of dirt in which to develop plants that are new.

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The Way to Install a Shakespeare Brush Cutter

String trimmers will cut grass and milder substances — however if you would like something which can handle brush or a job that is more challenging, you might have chosen to install brush cutter blades on your routine trimmer. The Shakespeare brand brush cutter, offered by Yard Gear, is just one such heavy-duty cutter. The brush comes with bolts and nuts of different sizes, making it match on many distinct brands of trimmers.

Inspect the region near your current trimmer head, searching for a hole in. That hole is a feature which allows you to lock the trimmer shaft in place and unscrew the trimmer head. You’re going to require a set of pliers rather if you do not have a hole.

Insert a screwdriver into the pit if you have a hole, then turn the trimmer head to the left to loosen it and remove it. If you do not have that hole, wrap a pliers round the trimmer shaft underneath the trimmer head, as the trimmer head turns to the left to unscrew it and maintain the pliers tight. It has a extension screwed onto it ; turn that bolt extension to the left to remove it, showing a shorter shaft underneath if the shaft under the mind is about 1 inch.

Wear a pair of leather work gloves and maintain them on. The brush cutter’s blades can be really sharp and could cut you if you’re not careful.

Test the nuts that came to see which one fits by threading the nut on the shaft and deciding which one threads on with the match.

Set the end of the properly sized nut at the center of the brush into the hole, called the hex cavity.

Press the nut into the hex cavity with your pointer finger as the brush head turns onto the threads of your trimmer shaft. While you do this the trimmer shaft needs to be secured down, so at precisely the same time, you will need to have that screwdriver inserted to stabilize it, or you’ll have to grip the shaft still.

Look for any openings involving the trimmer and the brush head, on the trimmer head. If you find a gap, unscrew the brush head before replacing the brush head once 29, and insert one of the supplied washers. According to Yard Gear, you should use the supplied 1/4-inch washer for Stihl and Husqvarna brand trimmers. If there is still a lot of room there after installing the washer, add the supplied”adapter cup” to the shaft and then screw on the brush cutter. Ensure that the brush head is tightened to keep it.

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Types of Hardy Hibiscus Insects and How to Get Rid of Them

The big, delicate blossoms of the hardy hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos), also referred to as rose mallow, range in size of three or four inches across up to 12 inches in diameter. This herbaceous perennial shrub graces gardens with its own gaudy, crepe paper flowers from late summer up to the season’s first killing frost in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 5 through 10. Many insect pests pose a risk while the hibiscus is easy to grow. They may destroy leaves and lead to sooty mold.

Japanese Beetles

Japanese beetles (Popillia japonica) feed more than 275 species of ornamental shrubs, trees and blossoms. They’re known pests of the majority of hibiscus species. Japanese beetles destroy plants by chewing the leaves, making holes that the leaves take on appearance. The metallic-green adult is easy to see with the naked eye and you may choose them off leaves to control infestation. Other methods of control include insecticides and traps. However, traps are not recommended since they bring more beetles.


Many species of scale insects (Superfamily Coccoidea) destroy an assortment of trees, shrubs and plants. Among them is the soft-bodied mealybug (Pseudococcidae) that uses its own mouth parts to suck sap and inject toxic salivary secretions that spread disease and contribute to the growth of sooty mold. Mealybugs feed resulting in yellowing of stunted plant growth, leaves and even death. Insecticides can also be available, although natural predators, such as wasps, usually keep down the population.


The hibiscus sawfly (Atomacera decepta) feed mainly on rose mallow and its hybrids. Cultivars like”Belle,””Lord Baltimore,””Lady Baltimore,” and”Luna” are all prone to strike. The pest is closely related to wasps and bees. It is dark colored, except for the orange peel on the upper thorax. The adult sawfly lays eggs in the tissues on the underside of leaves, allowing larvae to feed, consuming all the tissue and leaving the veins. Leaves have a lacy appearance. Hand-picking is an effective method of control that is pure. For heavy infestations, you will have to use insecticides.


The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) feed may types of herbaceous ornamental trees and shrubs. These insect scar and stipple blossoms, leaves and other parts of the plant by sucking mobile contents . Plant damage is not ordinarily caused by the small-winged pests, because healthy ornamental or sterile plants can defy their presence. In the event of heavy infestation, even some type of control may be necessary.


The miniature aphid feed plants by piercing the stalks, leaves and plants part and consuming plant fluids. Various species of aphids will normally feed on certain types of plants. However some species, like the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) feed on many kinds of plants, including the hibiscus. These insects cause leaf curling, hardening of flower distortion and buds. Mold is also a problem, as it interferes with a plant’s photosynthesis, affecting its growth. Washing aphids helps control themas do natural predators.


The giant whitefly (Aleurodicus dugesii) feeds on many ornamental plants, including hibiscus. Both the adult and nymph feed on the leaves and suck the sap, causing the plant to lack in nutrients and needed water. Seldom although its leaves are lost by the diminished plant dies. Predatory insects, such as wasps and others, help control the populace. Do not use insecticides in which insects are present.

Spider Mites

Spider mites (Tetranynchus urticae) feed on many types of trees, vegetables and ornamental plants. The insects damage plants. Normally, little harm is caused by them — but can produce the plant. In large quantities, they can cause plant damage that is considerable. Plant leaves turn reddish or yellow and drop off. Use methods of control, these may be killed by insecticides too and as the pests have all-natural predators.

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How to Update the Panels of Old Fluorescent Ceiling Lighting

Modern trends in ceiling light panels are acrylic panels which look like stained glass or a skylight window with a scene of white puffy clouds in a sky that is blue or flowering trees on a bright spring day. Some lighting panel makers can print your art onto the panel for a personalized, trendy addition to your house. Additional types of fluorescent lighting panels include pyramid shaped drop diffusers and lighting covers. Use spectrum bulbs or daylight fluorescent bulbs to bring out all the colours of your home decor and brighten up the room.

Select. Bring some character and to start up the room you can use a sky panorama, which is composed of panels which fit together to make panels that are single or a large image with cloudy skies. For an appearance that is elegant, yet booked, you may use a stained glass print or a marbled glass print in colours that fit your decoration strategy. Order your prints from your regional lighting store. Ask if you’re able to have them cut to size for you, as some shops can do that for you, while placing your order along with your regional lighting store.

Turn off the power to the lighting at the circuit breaker panel. Use a sturdy step ladder to achieve the lighting panels. The tabs on the frame of the panel that is light down to unlock it. Start looking for the frame’s hinged tab side and then take good care of the other side and slowly pull the frame . Tilt the hinged tab end out of the frame to eliminate it.

Set the light panel frame on a flat surface. Pry off the spring clips (if any) that grip in the old panel with a flat-blade screwdriver. Look carefully at the frame and look for screws or tabs which hold it together. Remove the screw thread on one short end to start the panel channel if there are screws. If there are tabs, bend the tabs back.

Analyze the panel that is old. If the panel fit the frame correctly you can use it like a cutting template.

Put on gloves. Eliminate the old fluorescent lighting panel in the housing. Panels are brittle and might be sharp on the edges, so take care when handling them.

Set on the panel and then correct the position over the desired pattern when the panel cut so you keep it, or print. Trace across the panel with a pencil to make a cutting guide line. Assess the perimeter of the interior of the lighting panel, where the panel sits in the frame when it’s set up, with a stride on the frame to obtain the correct size if the panel did not fit properly. Whenever you make the cut transfer these dimensions to the rear of the new fluorescent lighting panels with a metal straightedge and a pencil; position the lines to keep the desired pattern on the panel.

Put on gloves and safety glasses. Set on a sturdy work space. Place the metal straightedge and operate a utility knife utilizing the metal straightedge. Take your time to make certain that the cut is right and doesn’t deviate from the cutting guide. Use a metal straightedge as before and operate an acrylic scoring knife down each cutting guide line four days to score the plank if you are cutting on an panel. Move over the panel to the end of a table or a counter top, align the score line with the edge of the table and then pull the edge down to snap off the acrylic on the line that is . The break is going to likely be an even edge when performed properly.

Set the panel print-side-down against the frame’s end. Align the edges with the frame’s stations and slip it in. Close to the frame and secure it or bend down the tabs to hold it in position. Add in their slots on the frame.

Hold the hinged tab end up to the ceiling lighting fixture. Insert the tabs and then tilt the end of the frame up into position. Push the fixture tabs back into position to lock the panel onto the lighting fixture.

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